Dementia is a term which describes a group of symptoms associated with declined memory loss or other mental skills that are severe enough to reduce an individual’s ability to perform everyday tasks. 

There are many other conditions that can cause symptoms of dementia, such as thyroid problems, vitamin deficiencies and strokes. Vascular dementia is the second most common type of dementia and occurs after one suffers from a stroke. 



Dementia symptoms are vastly wide and are as follows; 

- Memory loss 

- Thinking speed 

- Mental sharpness and quickness

- Communication and language 

- Understanding 

- Ability to focus and pay attention 

- Reasoning and judgment

- Mood 

- Movement 

- Difficulties in carrying out daily tasks  

- Visual impairment 

At least two of the above core mental functions must be significantly impaired to be considered as dementia.



Damage to the brain cells is what causes dementia, the damage interferes with the ability of the brain cells to communicate with each other. When the cells are not communicated normally, behaviour, thinking and feelings are affected.



Lack of awareness in dementia is common in the South Asian Community. People from the South Asian community view memory loss as a normal art of aging. This therefore affects the understanding of dementia and reduces help seeking.

It is important to reduce the burden of dementia patients, family carers and the wider healthcare system by early intervention and treatment. To encourage the South Asian Community to seek help and improve the ability to engaged with formal healthcare, by providing a culturally appropriate service to access.