According to Diabetes UK, it is estimated that more than one in seventeen people are living with diabetes in the UK, this statistic includes both diagnosed and undiagnosed. In 2013, a study revealed at there are 3.2 million people who have been diagnosed as diabetic in the UK. Further to this, people of a South Asian descent (Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi) are six times more likely to be diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. In addition to this, studies show that on average, South Asians develop the condition approximately ten years earlier than people from the white population. If diabetes is not managed properly, it could cause serious complications included; heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, blindness or even amputations which may result in disability or premature mortality.
* Physical activity
* Eat well – eating a balanced diet
* Exercise more – even moving a little more can make a difference
* Lose weight if you are overweight – Being overweight may increase the risk of diabetes.
We hold a monthly South Asian Diabetes support group please see our events page for more details or submit your question to us using the submission box on our ‘Contact Us’ page.
Estimates derived from a large primary care dataset suggest that, compared with the white reference group, the hazard ratios adjusted for age, body mass index, family history and smoking status for risk of Type 2 diabetes were 4.07 (95 per cent confidence interval 3.24–5.11) for Bangladeshi women, 4.53 (3.67–5.59) for Bangladeshi men, 2.15 (1.84–2.52) for Pakistani women, 2.54 (2.20–2.93) for Pakistani men, 1.71 (1.49–1.97) for Indian women, and 1.93 (1.70–2.19) for Indian men.
Literature on dietary factors and insulin resistance and/or metabolic syndrome risk in India show that South Asians have higher intakes of carbohydrate, saturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and trans-fatty acids, and lower intakes of PUFA, and fibre, compared with other populations.
Most studies have identified particularly low levels of physical activity in South Asian women, and it is thought that, among this group, it may be easiest to intervene in low leisure time physical activity41. Research into barriers to physical activity among South Asians is sparse, but includes cultural factors and a lack of awareness of the benefits of physical activity
The Indian Diabetes Prevention Programme showed that lifestyle intervention, including regular physical activity, yielded a relative risk reduction in diabetes over three years by 28.5 per cent compared with usual care18. However, as with other prevention trials, it is not possible to tease out the independent effects of diet and physical activity interventions
Type 2 diabetes is more than six times more common in people of South Asian descent and up to three times more common among people of African and African-Caribbean origin.
Age and sex standardised prevalence rates (per 100) of Type 2 diabetes according to ethnic group are as follows:.
All ethnic minorities 5.7 African Caribbean 5.3
All South Asians 6.2
Indian or African Asian 4.7
Indian or African Asian 4.7
Pakistani or Banagladeshi 8.9